CBG vs CBD: Detailed Breakdown and Best Products Are you exploring the effects and benefits of CBG and how it compares with CBD? Extract Labs explains what is CBG exactly alongside a distinction of CBD vs. CBG. Learn more!
CBG vs CBD: Detailed Breakdown and Best Products
This article contains affiliate links to products. We may receive a commission for purchases made through these links.
CBD and THC are definitely two of the most well-known cannabinoids. CBD is known for its calming, therapeutic effects while THC is famous for its psychoactive effects that cause feelings of euphoria and sometimes confusion. While CBD and THC have both had plenty of time in the spotlight, lesser-known cannabinoids, such as CBG, are capturing interest from consumers and scientists alike.
Initial studies show that CBG may have similar characteristics of CBD. Both of these cannabinoids have no psychoactive properties. Instead, they offer antioxidant, anti-inflammatory, neuroprotective, and analgesic properties.
Here’s what you need to know about the similarities and differences between CBG and CBD. We’ll also take a look at some of the top CBD products on the market.
What is CBG?
CBG, which stands for cannabigerol, is one of more than 100 cannabinoids found in hemp and cannabis plants. Young hemp plants produce cannabigerolic acid (CBGA). As the plant matures, CBGA breaks down into cannabidiolic acid (CBDA) and tetrahydrocannabinolic acid (THCA). These two compounds are then converted into CBD and THC. Any leftover CBGA is converted into CBG.
Even though CBG was first isolated back in 1964, the cannabinoid didn’t get a lot of attention, so there are very few studies about the compound. Modern research is in preclinical stages, but from what we know so far, CBG may have various therapeutic side effects.
It’s possible that CBG has strong pain-relieving properties that may be more effective than THC. CBG may interact with the CB1 and CB2 receptors of the endocannabinoid system, which influence inflammation, pain, and even heat sensitivity. The cannabinoid may also have antidepressant, anticancer, and antibacterial qualities.
What is CBD?
CBD, which stands for cannabidiol, naturally occurs in high concentrations in hemp and cannabis plants. CBD was first isolated all the way back in the 1930s but was mostly put aside until the 1970s when scientists determined it may be an effective anti-convulsant.
Over the years, research has confirmed many of the therapeutic benefits that CBD offers, including anti-anxiety, pain-relieving, anti-nausea, and sedative qualities. CBD has also shown to be an effective treatment for severe forms of childhood epilepsy and is used in an FDA approved drug, Epidiolex.
Over the last few years, CBD has become the cannabinoid of choice, not only for the many therapeutic benefits it offers, but also because it has no psychoactive properties. Unlike THC, CBD offers pain relief and other benefits without the risk of paranoia, anxiety, or impaired cognitive function.
Like CBG, CBD interacts with the CB1 and CB2 receptors.
Differences Between CBG & CBD
Though they offer very similar therapeutic properties, CBG and CBD do have some differences. For example, the two cannabinoids have different molecular structures. This means that the arrangement of carbon, hydrogen, and oxygen is different. Molecular structure impacts how the cannabinoid binds with receptors and also impacts bioavailability.
CBG and CBD are also unique in how they activate receptors. One study looked at how CBG and CBD interact with the 5-HT1A serotonin receptor . CBG behaves as an antagonist at that receptor, where CBD has strong anti-nausea effects, which means it acts like an agonist.
So even though the two cannabinoids are similar, when bound to the same place, they have opposing effects on this specific receptor.
CBG and CBD differ in how they stimulate the appetite. A study conducted on rats found that CBG encouraged the animals to eat two times their normal food intake. But, a study conducted on CBD found that the cannabinoid significantly reduces total food intake .
Therapeutic Benefits of CBG vs CBD
There isn’t a lot of research that has delved into the therapeutic effects of CBG. However, preclinical studies offer a little bit of insight as to how the cannabinoid may interact with the body. Like CBD, CBG doesn’t have any psychoactive properties. Instead, it offers other therapeutic benefits, including:
● Potential treatment for MRSA bacterial infections
As interest in CBG continues to grow, we can expect to learn more about the cannabinoid over the next few years. The hope is that more clinical studies and research will be conducted so that we can get a better understanding of the benefits that CBG offers.
CBD is in a similar situation, but there are far more studies that have been conducted. Research has found that CBD offers a host of therapeutic benefits, including:
● Lowered stress and anxiety
But as with any cannabinoid, there is always more to learn. Most studies have been conducted on animals, so human trials are crucial to fully understand how CBG and CBD interact in the body.
Are you interested in trying CBD, CBG, or maybe a product that contains both? Here are some of the best hemp-derived products available on the market today.
Top 4 CBD Products
Penguin is another top brand that we highly recommend. They offer some of the purest and most potent CBD products on the markets. With a well-rounded selection of products, you’re sure to find the CBD that best meets your lifestyle needs. Choose from gummies, oils, topicals, and capsules.
Penguin only uses the best ingredients, including broad-spectrum CBD oil that is extracted from Oregon grown hemp. Because these products contain no THC, you can enjoy peak mental performance while also enjoying the many therapeutic benefits that CBD has to offer.
What’s even better is that the brand offers some delicious flavors. Penguin’s CBD gummy worms are coated in a tangy sugar that will make your taste buds go wild. There’s also deliciously flavored CBD oil, including options such as Cookies & Cream, Citrus, Strawberry, and Mint.
2. Verma Farms
Verma Farms is one of the highest-quality CBD brands that we’ve found. All of their products are made with top notch ingredients that are organic and all natural. They offer an extensive collection of items to choose from, including gummies, oils, capsules, topicals, and even tropical dried fruit!
Verma Farms uses broad spectrum extract, which contains all of the wellness-boosting plant compounds, with the exception of THC. This means you can enjoy the benefits of minor cannabinoids, terpenes, flavonoids, and fatty acids!
This is a brand that takes a Hawaiian approach to making CBD. All of their products are influenced by the islands, so you can drift off to your own tropical paradise.
3. BATCH CBD
Organically grown and highly effective, BATCH CBD’s products are deeply therapeutic and create lasting benefits for both the body and the mind. Whether you are seeking a better night’s sleep, a way to ease day-to-day stress, or a natural approach to relieve pain and inflammation, BATCH has got you covered.
BATCH CBD prioritizes product quality and customer service to deliver truly life-changing results. From seed to shelf, the BATCH team carefully manages every aspect of their product development, ensuring that each and every product is sustainably crafted with ingredients of the highest quality.
BATCH has an incredible line of CBD products, including their CBG Oil , which includes a 1:1 CBD to CBG ratio . Made with a vegan formula and flavored with citrus extracts, BATCH’s CBG Oil tastes great and offers the substantive benefits of both CBD and CBG!
4. Colorado Botanicals
Colorado Botanicals once again makes our top spot. Despite years of product innovation from its competitors – they stay ahead of the curve with superior quality and some of the most potent CBD oils, capsules, topicals, and gummies on the market.
Initially offering broad-spectrum CBD extracts, Colorado Botanicals recently added full-spectrum CBD oils and several CBG products enhanced with a clinically studied curcumin ingredient and Boswellia. With so much variety and customizability, there’s something for every health-conscious shopper.
Colorado Botanicals is unique in that they can naturally retain terpenes and flavonoids thanks to their proprietary extraction and purification process. The end product is a highly pure and concentrated product without any impurities. Also, their products are constantly tested for contaminants such as heavy metals, pesticides, solvents, and microbes.
5. Extract Labs
Extract Labs is known for providing the purest, highest-quality CBD products at the lowest price, a promise which is made possible by keeping every step of production in-house. Few companies offer CBG products because it is difficult to extract and not as abundant as CBD. Extract Labs offer an extensive collection of CBG products, including full spectrum CBG oil, a THC free CBG tincture, CBG isolate, CBG softgel capsules and CBG gummies. CBG gummies are one of their most popular products, with 33mg CBG and 33mg CBD apiece – they are made with natural ingredients and quality broad spectrum hemp oil. They also have a vast array of high-quality CBD products to try.
6. Joy Organics’ USDA Certified Organic CBG and CBD Tincture
Joy Organics is one of the first CBD oil tinctures on the market to be made entirely of USDA Certified Organic ingredients. This is a brand that doesn’t compromise on quality, using only the highest quality ingredients such as broad and full spectrum CBD, along with organic MCT oil, stevia, and oil-based flavoring.
Joy Organics continues to expand its USDA Certified Organic CBD tinctures with their new CBG and CBD tincture. Their CBG + CBD Tincture contains two hemp-derived compounds to support homeostasis in the body. CBG is known as the “mother of all cannabinoids” and works synergistically with CBD to support mental and physical wellness.
In addition to this tincture, Joy Organics offers a wide array of both full and broad spectrum products that focus on clean and organic ingredients along with extensive lab testing for purity. These products include
Gummies (full and broad spectrum)
Delta 9 products
CBD and CBG are two similar yet unique cannabinoids. While hemp plants contain a much higher dose of CBD, CBG can also be extracted and used in all sorts of products. These two cannabinoids offer a variety of therapeutic benefits, and when combined, can provide highly effective relief that keeps you feeling your best.
CBD vs CBG: The Differences
CBG, or cannabigerol, is the latest cannabinoid (other than CBD and THC) to attract attention. CBG and CBD are thought to have many similarities—they both interact with the endocannabinoid system and are thought to have a multitude of benefits. But CBG is more abundant in young plants, where CBD is prevalent in adult hemp.
Because they are so similar, consumers are wondering what’s the deal… is one better than the other? This post explores CBG in-depth and gives a detailed look at the differences between the two.
The Mother Cannabinoid
What Is CBG?
CBG is referred to as “the mother cannabinoid” because it births all other cannabinoids. All cannabinoids start as CBGa before they break down into THCa, CBDa, CBCa. Eventually, these acidic forms turn into THC, CBD, CBC, etc., when exposed to heat or ultraviolet light.
Because CBGa converts into all these other cannabinoids, fully mature plants only contain low concentrations of CBGa. Adult hemp plants consist of only about 1 percent CBG as opposed to around 20 percent CBD. It’s the main reason CBG isn’t as widely known or as readily abundant as CBD.
The difference between cbd and cbg
CBD vs CBG
CBG and CBD parallel in many ways, but each is thought to possess nuanced characteristics as well. Both cannabinoids are non-psychoactive, unlike THC, and they both interact with the body’s endocannabinoid system. The ECS is a recently-discovered cell-signaling system located throughout the central and peripheral nervous systems. It consists of endocannabinoids, receptors the cannabinoids bind to, and enzymes that break the cannabinoids down to elicit a bodily response. Just like how a caffeinated cup of coffee boosts focus or a sugary cupcake can create a happy feeling in the brain, each endocannabinoid creates its own response in the ECS.
Though it is not fully understood, it is believed that the ECS plays a role in regulating sleep, mood, memory, appetite, and reproduction. Both CBD and CBG interact with the receptors CB1 and CB2 and are thought to be anti-inflammatory, anti-bacterial, and have the potential to balance mood and anxiety. However, CBG and CBD have slightly different molecular structures that may result in different behavior. A major difference in CBD vs CBG boils down to the amount of research at our disposal. From the available studies, we know that CBG offers potential uses that slightly differ from CBD, such as treating Inflammatory Bowel Disease and glaucoma.
How does CBG make you feel
Individuals who are considering CBG may wonder: How does CBG make you feel? lthough CBG does not make you feel intoxicated, it may create a feeling of happiness due to its cognitive effects.
Unlike CBD, CBG does not produce a feeling of sedation or drowsiness. Many people report enhanced alertness and focus. That said, it’s important to know that how CBG makes a person feel depends on a variety of factors such as dosage, body weight , health, physiology , and other genetic and environmental influences.
Despite the fact that the CBG effects vary from individual to individual, studies show that CBG tends to produce a mild euphoria similar to the runner’s high, as opposed to a psychoactive or mind-altering high like with exercise, CBG triggers the release of anandamide, aka the bliss molecule, which enhances mood in a natural manner.
Similar to CBD, CBG is an anti-inflammatory that offers relief from pain and soreness. When considering purchasing CBD vs. CBG, we suggest CBG for cognitive support and CBD for general daily support. CBG may also be better for mental sharpness where CBD has more relaxation potential.
What we know so far
Here is a list of what we know so far in the research realm of CBG.
- In mice experiments, CBG was studied to explore its potential to treat inflammatory bowel disease and showed promising results.
- A 2015 study found CBG protects neurons in mice with Huntington’s disease, a nerve cell degeneration brain disorder. in mice as well. According to this study, CBG slowed down tumors and chemically-induced colon carcinogenesis.
- European research showed evidence that CBG is an effective antibacterial agent, particularly against methicillin-resistant Staphylococcus aureus (MRSA) microbial strains resistant to several classes of drugs. Since the 1950s, topical formulations of cannabis have been effective in skin infections, but researchers at the time were unaware of the plant’s chemical composition.
- In a recent 2017 study in rats, researchers found a form of CBG as a useful appetite stimulant , without the intoxicating effects of THC. This may lead to a novel non-psychotropic therapeutic option for cachexia, muscle wasting and severe weight loss seen in late stage cancer and other diseases.
- In a study that looked at the effects of five different cannabinoids on bladder contractions, CBG tested best at inhibiting muscle shrinking , so it may be a future tool in preventing bladder dysfunction disorders.
- CBG has also shown to reduce pressure in the eyes caused by glaucoma .
Cannabinoid price differences
Why is CBG More Expensive?
The most obvious difference consumers may notice is the price tag. CBG is significantly more expensive than CBD. In the hemp industry, raw plant material is used to extract CBD and all other cannabinoids. Large quantities of hemp are dissolved in a liquid, such as carbon dioxide, to retrieve the compounds. And producers need tons of biomass for very little extract. As mentioned, CBD is the most abundant hemp compound, around 20 percent of the plant’s composition compared to less than 1 percent of CBG. That means cultivators need 20 times the biomass to extract the same amount of CBG as a typical CBD yield.
Young plants contain a little bit more CBG than adults, around 5 percent. (Remember that an acidic form of cannabigerol is the starting place for all other plant compounds, so there is more CBGa when the plant is in its early stages.) So utilizing young plants results in a higher CBG yield, but not much more. This puts cultivators in a pickle. Harvesting young hemp plants to justify extracting a moderate amount of CBG sacrifices other potential compounds, and more of them, so most choose not to.
The large amount of plant material needed to extract CBG is handed down to the consumer, yet interest is growing, so basic supply-demand economics is also adding to the price. As a workaround, many companies add CBG extract to other CBD products. Meaning they blend oils from multiple plants. Though rare, a few companies work with farmers who developed high-potency CBG hemp strains (ahem, ahem… Extract Labs). This allows them to provide full spectrum CBG products at a more reasonable price.
CBG Isolate, CBG Oil and CBG Topicals
Like CBD products, CBG comes in a multitude of formats including CBG isolate, softgels, edibles, tinctures, and topicals.
Isolates are the only guaranteed THC free cannabinoid products because they are refined down into a single compound. CBG isolate is 99 percent pure cannabigerol. But while it is potent, the entourage effect does not apply. People who must avoid THC often prefer CBG isolate . It’s also desired due to its versatility and ease of use.
Just like CBD tinctures , CBG oil is blended with a carrier oil and is taken sublingually or mixed with food and drinks. Due to the availability of CBG, most CBG tinctures maintain a high dose of CBD as well.
Capsules are made from the same CBG tincture formula in a softgel casing. The only difference is CBG softgels may take longer to take effect since they must be digested. They are useful for travel and for those who do not like the taste of tinctures.
Like CBG tinctures, CBG topicals include a generous portion of CBD. They are made for the skin only and should be applied like any other CBD lotion or cream.
Effects from edibles tend to take longer and last longer than other methods. CBG edibles maintain a high amount of CBD and can be mixed into everything from chocolates, gummies and more.