Now that you’ve got the mixture with all the plant material filtered out, it’s time to put it in the refrigerator. Let it cool for about an hour, or ideally overnight, then pull it back out. The cannabutter should now be solidified and separated, much like the image on the right. If you cooked with water, pull the butter out, toss the water, and dab up any leftover moisture with a cloth / paper towel.
- Butter – at least 8oz / 2 sticks recommended, but there’s no real upper or lower limit. Most people, ourselves included, recommend unsalted butter, but it doesn’t actually make a big difference. The main reason unsalted butter is usually recommended is because you can simply add the salt later if you want.
- Cannabis / Kief / Concentrates – The amount is up to preference, but per 8 oz / 2 sticks of butter, we recommend about 14g trimmings, 14g vaped weed, 7g bud, 3.5g kief, or 2.5g concentrates for moderate strength edibles. We usually double that for more potent edibles.
- Saucepan or crock-pot – we prefer using a crock-pot (like this one ) for making the cannabutter due to how easy and efficient it is, although a saucepan can be used both for cannabutter and making clarified butter.
- Reusable Nylon Milk Bag, Cheesecloth, Fine Mesh Strainer, or Bubble Hash Bags – We highly recommend Milk Bags (like these ), as they’re cheap and reusable. If you have Bubble Hash bags, you can use a
Once the everclear is finished evaporating, we recommend adding about 1-2 cups of water and bring the new mixture to a light simmer to allow it to cook at a higher temperature for about 2 hours, as well as let the water absorb the water soluble plant material. By adding water at the end, you’re able to get the benefits of cooking with water while also gaining alcohol’s ability to help the THC transfer to the butter and lecithin more easily. Based on our research for this guide, it appears that using some combination of water and alcohol might be the best method, but we can’t speak from personal experience yet, so if you use both, just make sure you experiment with varying amounts of water and alcohol.
Start with about
The second reason is that the water is able to absorb a lot of the plant-like tastes of the cannabis, allowing your end product to have a cannabis taste that isn’t as overwhelming. Some may like that taste, but for most people, the goal of good cannabutter, aside from potency, is to taste as close to regular butter as possible. When you toss the water used to boil it, you’ll see that this step definitely extracts something from the cannabis because the water isn’t clear. We know the water doesn’t contain any THC since THC isn’t water soluble. Although there are distinct advantages to this method, we usually use the first method since we use water when making our cannabutter anyways.
So how can we, or how should we, decarboxylate our cannabis? If you read our strain guide you’ll understand the importance of terpenes, but put simply, they affect the type of high. Terpenes are very unstable, so if you use higher temperatures you lose more of them. This means that we’ll want to decarboxylate our cannabis at the lowest temperature possible while still causing the chemical reaction to take place. There are two main methods for accomplishing this, but regardless of the method you choose, make sure you grind your cannabis as finely as possible before you start.
THC has a non-polar molecular structure, which matches the non-polar nature of butter and other fats. Since water has a very polar molecular structure, we know water won’t dissolve THC or other cannabinoids. This is why we can use water in these recipes without worrying about it absorbing the THC. On that same note, if you’re looking for a healthy alternative to butter, you can substitute coconut oil, as well as many other fats, for butter in any of these recipes and methods. Even though it’s called coconut ‘oil’, it’s actually a solid at room temperature, and is spreadable similar to butter.
If you’ve read any of the many, many guides on cannabutter available online, you’ve undoubtedly seen methods which start with clarified butter rather than plain butter. In fact, most methods seem to start with clarified butter these days. So what is so important about using clarified butter? Well in terms of the medical or recreational value of the end product, there’s not much of a reason. When you clarify butter, you’re removing the milk solids and water. The reason milk solids are added to butter in the first place is to make it so that butter can be distributed in sticks at room temperature, rather than liquid.
225 F. Spread your cannabis over an oven-safe dish, ideally no deeper than 0.5″ or 1.2 cm in any spot. Cover the dish with foil or put it inside an oven bag (like these , but they’re cheaper at grocery stores) and seal it with a twist tie. Put the sealed dish in the oven for 30 minutes. If your cannabis is fresh and not totally dry, you may want to consider leaving it in the oven for an extra 10-20 minutes. If you’re concerned with the cannabis odor, you can double wrap the dish that goes in the oven. You can leave it uncovered on a cookie sheet if you prefer, but covering the cannabis will allow so me of the vaporized terpenes to reabsorb back into the cannabis as it cools. After leaving it to cool for about 20 minutes, uncover your cannabis and then it’s ready for cooking.
Ultimate Guide to Making Cannabutter. We include all possible methods around the web and discuss the pros and cons of each method.
Many regard sunflower lecithin as the most superior form. While it’s more expensive, it comes from a minimally processed source. This binder is cold-pressed from the seeds. Sunflower lecithin comes in a finely ground powder that’s easy to work with.
Another commonly used binder is xanthan gum. Sugar ferments and converts into this gooey substance. Once dried, it becomes an easy to work with powder that quickly dissolves in liquid.
Try to source gelatin from grass-fed animals to ensure a healthful addition to any edible recipe. It’s highly nutritious if it comes from the right source and provides some useful amino acids, such as glycine and proline. Both have well-documented health benefits.
This binder is common in cannabis edibles, especially gummies . But use too much of it, and it may result in a spongy or chewy texture in your edibles.
To use gelatin in a recipe, dissolve the powder in a liquid. One tablespoon of gelatin powder will generally offer the same binding properties as one egg would.
It’s no fun unwrapping an edible only for it to crumble in your hands. When cannabutter is used in a recipe, lecithin helps ensure it binds to water-soluble ingredients like cacao or sugar.
Binders hold baked food together. A cake or a loaf of bread wouldn’t exist without them; these would simply crumble and fall apart. Binders add volume, flavor, firmness, and texture to any recipe, and are widely used in cooking. Several types exist, all with slightly different characteristics. Examples include lecithin, gelatin, xanthan gum, psyllium husk, and guar gum, to name a few. A little knowledge about the purpose these serve will help ensure that your journey toward creating the perfect edible is a fruitful one.
If you don’t want to use lecithin, other options do exist. Gelatin and xanthan are two of the most commonly used binders for cannabis edibles .
Lecithin is the most commonly used binder when making cannabis edibles. Cooking with it can greatly enhance the structural integrity of your edibles. Lecithin is a phospholipid. In other words, it’s a type of fat that binds ingredients together. A variety of sources contain lecithin, including eggs, soybeans, avocados, or sunflowers. It acts as an emulsifying agent to bind food that wouldn’t ordinarily mix. When it comes to edibles, lecithin helps ensure that oil-based ingredients bind with water-based ones.
Edible recipes have infiltrated the market post-legalization, but what's the best binder? The science is in and it looks like sunflower lecithin!