This urgency to take full advantage of the sun has resulted in a line of cannabis plants that flower much faster than their sativa counterpart. This combined with their much smaller stature makes indica strains extremely attractive to those who are growing for money – where space and speed directly relate into potential profit.
The main feature of the ruderalis family is that it is autoflowering, meaning the cultivator does not need to get involved, and can leave their marijuana crop largely to itself. Ruderalis strains are also very small and very fast growing. They produce very small leaves and only a few side branches.
What Are Cannabis Hybrids And How Are They Created?
Cannabis sativa plants tend to have very high concentrations of THC and relatively low levels of CBD, which has been further strengthen by human breeding – the market has always traditionally valued high THC strains. This tends to result in sativas having the following effects:
– A cerebral head buzz
– Energizes and uplifts
– Focusing and/or increasing alertness
– Inspiring and increasing creativity
– Reduces nausea
– Helps relieve depression/promotes a sense of wellbeing
– Stimulates the appetite
Published : Jan 13, 2016
Categories : Strain information
Cannabis ruderalis, is a relatively new line of cannabis within the cannabis cultivation scene. It can be found growing in the wilds of the colder regions of the world, usually above 50 degrees north of the equator (in such places as Russia and China).
Ruderalis has very low levels of THC and CBD, making them worthless to use in a pure form. This is largely why they have not been utilized by the market up until recently. However, when bred with sativa or indica strains it is possible to produce a sativa or indica dominant plant that retains the auto flowering features of the ruderalis. This is a huge advantage for many growers, especially those who live in colder areas of the world, and/or those who grow outdoors. It means a crop can be planted, maintained with little effort and then replanted right after harvest – as flowering will be effected by time growing as opposed to seasonal change.
Difference between Cannabis Sativa, Indica and Ruderalis
Each of these names are used to describe three very different and unique sets of genetics found within the Cannabaceae family of plants of which all cannabis varieties belong to
Sativa strains commonly incite feelings of euphoria and a head-focused high when consumed. They can also be used in small doses to boost energy levels, creativity, and divergent thinking. Sativas are not the first choice for medical markets, unless dealing with specific medical conditions. Sativa-dominant strains are an ideal choice for the recreational food and drink market.
The indica subspecies is the opposite of sativa strains in virtually all respects. It grows much shorter, with denser branch structure. Leaves are also smaller, with broader, slightly marbled fingers. Grown correctly, indica strains resemble a small Christmas tree, with the largest leaves at the base of the plant.
Sativa strains are capable of dealing with higher concentrations of humidity compared to their indica counterparts. However, sativas have a longer flowering time, with plenty of space needed for them to reach their full potential. Cultivating the sativa subspecies requires a knowledgeable hand, and a carefully prepared growing environment or greenhouse.
Existing somewhere between the sativa and indica subspecies, ruderalis have small, thick leaves with only a few branches and a fibrous stem. They do not grow very tall, only reaching up to four feet in height. Native to central and eastern Europe and Asia, the ruderalis subspecies has become adept at thriving in poor, or hostile environments.
Certain subspecies will be more suitable for medicinal markets, while others are beneficial to commercial sectors, like agriculture and textiles. Knowing the fundamental differences is the ideal place to start before building a cannabis portfolio. It allows you to understand the focus of a company, and how their product ranges or services may be affected in the future.
Sativa, indica and ruderalis are all types of the same species—Cannabis sativa L. However, despite being from the same species, the effects, appearance and characteristics of each subspecies vary greatly. Keep reading to find out everything you need to know about the different subspecies of cannabis.
With that in mind, we are going to break down the three subspecies, sativa, indica and ruderalis. We will cover their key characteristics, as well as the effect they can have when consumed. Armed with this information, you can continue to build an overview of the legal cannabis industry’s core commodity.
The fundamental difference between ruderalis and sativa or indica is how the subspecies flowers. Usually, a cannabis plant would use the change in seasons to prompt the shift from the vegetative phase to flowering. However, due to the lower sunlight intensity in Europe, the ruderalis subspecies has developed an inbuilt timer for flowering—regardless of seasonal changes. Its genetics determine the length of time it spends in the vegetative stage before automatically flowering.
Indicas are less adept to humid conditions, and can easily fall victim to mould, unless monitored. They are usually the preferred option for recreational growers as they have a shorter flowering period. This means that in controlled environments (indoor grow room) it is possible to harvest multiple times per year.
Click the link for everything you need to know about the differences between the cannabis sub-species sativa, indica and ruderalis.