Indoors you can grow both ways without many issues, but when it comes to planting outdoors we run into an issue. If you bring your clones outside they’ll have much less light than what you had accustomed them to and they’ll begin flowering. You can only bring clones outdoors to flower so you’ll have to plant early or reveg them, or take them out during the summer and allow them to flower in lots of teeny plants.
Cannabis seeds grow a main root when germinated, which will grow to the bottom of the pot and then grow hundreds of secondary lateral roots out to the sides. That root will then be the plant’s main trunk, which will be thick and strong; much more so than a clone. This also makes for thicker and heavier buds than on any clone simply because of the extra weight the plant is capable of dealing with.
Cannabis seeds VS Clones; a comparison that will allow us to see both the best and the worst of each growing method. Both of these methods have pros and cons, just like everything else in the world of cannabis; depending on the result you’re looking for you should plant either seeds or clones.
So, seeds will always give you more of a yield; the buds will be bigger and heavier, and you’ll have more of a variety of flavors and effects. For smokers that prefer to find a perfect strain and keep it forever, then obviously growing from clones is what you should do; you can get large quantities of the same weed in every harvest, but you’ll get a good 30% less than if you had planted seeds.
There are so many differences between clones and seeds; if you get clones and they’re not yours or from a trustworthy source, then I wouldn’t recommend having them in your grow. Seeds are much safer for growers just looking to smoke their own stash; there’s much more variety and yield, whereas clones can be hard to come by and aren’t always safe.
If you’re growing for yourself then we recommend planting from seeds, but if you’re a commercial producer then clones are the way to go, guaranteeing top quality and balanced product.
Cannabis seeds are obviously the most comfortable and easiest way to gain access to cannabis plants, and you can pick them based on flavors, effects, flowering times, sizes… there are hundreds and hundreds of different strains and seed banks. You can make your own clones from whichever plant you’d like, but people tend to buy them; the cheaper the better. When you buy clones you can’t be sure that all of them are the same strain, if they’ve rooted correctly, if they’ve been infected with fungi or insects; this basically means that buying clones is a risk that many people aren’t willing to take as they can come with infestations that can then move into your grow and screw up entire generations of plants.
Clones are a natural reproduction process, just like seeds, and it began getting popular due to the fact that there were no feminized seeds available and if you wanted to plant indoors it was the best way to make sure they were all female plants. Nowadays you can find many strains, in fact all strains, in feminized versions, so you don’t need to plant clones anymore to be sure they’re all female.
Clones don’t have main roots, rather than many lateral roots that act like a secondary root. These roots feed quite nicely but it’s a bit harder for them to get deeper into the substrate. This means that your clones will never have strong trunks and branches, meaning they can’t really deal with much weight. You’ll need to grow them in 12/12 right after planting them in flowerpots to flower as many as possible in as little space as possible, allowing for a decent yield. If you grow them bigger then you’ll actually end up with less of a yield. From a 600w light you can get around 350g of weed, whereas by using seeds you can get 500g in the same conditions.
Cannabis Seeds VS Clones: Which gives more yield? Which is better for outdoor grows? Learn the pros and cons of seeds and clones.
Colloidal silver is by far the easiest to source or make. It is non-toxic, non-caustic, and can be bought from a pharmacy or easily online. The other solutions can be dangerous, difficult to get a hold of, and expensive—except gibberellic acid, which can be found in nurseries, but is not as effective as colloidal silver. But if you want to watch some freaky plant growth just for the fun of it, give gibberellic acid a try. It is a growth stimulant and makes plants stretch and stretch.
Colloidal silver is a distilled water-based solution in which microscopic particles of silver are suspended. The nature of colloids means the particles will never settle out and can’t be removed by normal filtering. Colloidal silver is available commercially, or you can make your own if you want to totally geek out (see how-to section at the end). It has numerous uses as an alternative medicine. For example, it is used to soothe burns, as an antiseptic and digestion stimulant in people, and as a fungal control in horticulture.
Plants bred using feminization are homozygous. This can have two effects that can’t be assessed until the seeds are grown. Homozygosity will increase the dominant or recessive traits of the parent in the progeny, so features you don’t want and do want can be amplified. Genetics is a weird, weird thing.
- Cover the top of the pot with plastic or card to catch pollen as it falls, or modify a plastic drink cup to shroud the plant and catch falling pollen.
- Fix a clear plastic bag, perforated at the top for air exchange, around the whole plant.
- An experienced eye will remove each flower pod prior to it bursting completely open to be sure of catching every spore.
- Pollinating a female is the easy bit. Depending on how many seeds you want to make, there are a couple of methods that can be used.
- Using a watercolour or other fine, soft brush or even a cotton bud, dip into your pollen collection and gently apply to the chosen flower. Although thousands of viable spores will be on the end of the brush, enough to pollinate a whole plant, the trichomes on the surface of the pistils will greedily glue everything you offer them. So dip into your pollen stash a few times as you dust.
- For lots of seeds, put pollen in a bag and put over a whole branch or a whole plant, shake well, and leave for twenty four hours.
- It is possible to pollinate different branches with different pollens and have a breeder plant that has 1, 2, or 15 different crosses on it.
- It is also possible to self-pollinate the plant from which the male parts were created. This won’t produce as many seeds as pollinating a separate plant because less female flowers are produced and many are nonviable because of the feminization process.
Just as with standard male to female crossings (which is a heterozygous process), a number of plants will need to be grown and the best selected for mother plants and future breeding. With enough room, hundreds if not thousands of new plants can be grown in order to select the best of the best phenotypes.
With a bit of aforethought, it is possible to set up an efficient feminization breeding programme—and have female seeds from your favourite phenos on hand all the time. You never know, you might discover the next big thing!
Growing cannabis is all about resinous flowers, trichomes, and rich cannabinoid profiles. These splendid characteristics can only be found on the female flowers. Having gardens full of robust, un-pollinated sinsemilla females means jars full of mind and body-friendly, crusty nuggets.
To begin with, select a plant that has the characteristics you want to preserved. Feminizing clones is the usual practice as the growth, flowering, and resin characteristics from the mother are already known. There is no need for any vegetation time once a clone is well-rooted. Simply pot the clone into a small pot, give it a day or two to recover, and begin a 12-12 light cycle right away. A pollen-producing plant only needs to be small as cannabis produces copious amounts of pollen.
Sinsemilla is an unnatural state for cannabis. Without human intervention, it would be rare to find an unpollinated female in the wild—unless it was sterile. When sinsemilla plants are left to go beyond their desirable maturation stage by a number of weeks, the plant, through whatever amazing processes evolution has bestowed, knows it has not been pollinated. As a last ditch effort at propagation, it will produce male pollen sacs in an effort to self-pollinate.
Feminized cannabis seeds only produce female plants, which has a number of advantages. Find out how to do it with Royal Queen Seeds.