If you see “nanners” or anything resembling a cluster of grapes protruding from flowers or anywhere on the stem then you have a male cannabis plant. Should you see both hairs and nanners then you have a hermie to remove right away.
Breaking through the germination stage, plants enter the seedling stage next. At this point, they’ll need about 18 or more hours of daily light. After two or so weeks of proper care, though, they’ll be well on their way to robust growth.
An overview of the 5 stages of cannabis cultivation.
One of the best ways to truly tell if your flowers are ready for harvest is by getting up close and personal with a magnifying device. This visual advantage will enable you to detect minor changes that wouldn’t be noticeable to the naked eye. Some growers choose to use a jeweler’s loupe, which is essentially a pocket-sized magnifying glass encased in a piece of metal. Others choose to use devices such as digital microscopes, which provide greater detail.
This is the stage to pot up photoperiod plants into final containers, at least a couple weeks before switching to bloom or prior to Summer outdoors.
Dry trimming takes place after your entire stash has been dried, and little water content remains within the buds and leaves. Trimming dry buds is definitely easier on your scissors since they won’t become as inundated by clumps of resin. However, accurately manicuring dry buds can be somewhat of a hassle too, making for a potentially less visually appealing final product. Moreover, dry trimming does require a fair bit of space. Growers usually hang entire branches of buds from a line of string within temperature-controlled rooms to let them air-out until sufficiently dry.
Before you just start throwing seeds into soil, consider what kind of grower you want to be. Are you running an indoor operation, or working in the great outdoors? Do you have the supplies fit for your growing environment? Have you made sure to pick seeds that’ll thrive where you’re planting them, indoors or out? Speaking on that last point, any aspiring grower should know the difference between photoperiod and autoflowering cannabis plants. There are a few key differences to note.
For more info on drying and curing your herb, check our blogs Top Tips To Successfully Dry And Cure Your Fresh Cannabis Buds and How to Cure Your Cannabis Buds.
If you want to keep all your seeds safe and clean, we recommend the Royal Queen Seeds Starter Kit. With that, they can enjoy clean, undisturbed germination. Once they get to 2–3cm high, you can remove them from the starter and place them in a suitable growing container.
From germination to curing, understanding each stage of the cannabis growth cycle is vital to achieving a healthy cannabis crop.
Day length: 11.35 – 9.38 hours
Check the soil temperature—especially in plastic pots—as the days get longer and warmer. Use shade cloth or a cardboard sleeve to protect the pot walls and make sure the top is well mulched. Overly warm substrates encourage root rot, root pests, and slow growth. Plants can show signs of stress like wilting, slow development, and nutrient problems. Poor plant health can attract unwanted pests.
Average temperature: 13–23°C
Day length: 11:05–12:34 hours
Germinating autoflowering strains now means a solid 3 months of ideal growing weather. They will completely fulfil their genetic potential and be ready mid to late July. Autos planted in March will be ready for harvesting now.
With seasonal rains at the end of summer, it is time to be vigilant for pathogens. As buds fatten, they can become susceptible to diseases like Botrytis if they remain wet for too long.
Southern climates are typified by warmer average temperatures, longer days, and longer growing seasons. Cannabis originally evolved in these types of climates before it was spread all over the world. There is something deep in cannabis genetics that makes it thrive in warm, sunny, and humid climates.
This coming growing season, ganja farmers in the Netherlands and surrounding countries will rise to the challenges of cultivation in an oceanic climate. We have created this grow calendar as a roadmap specifically for the Northern European cannabis road warriors.
Now we are in the sweet spot. Sunlight is at its maximum strength, days are at their longest, and temperatures are in the ideal cannabis growing range. Vegetation will be in top gear. Check soil moisture content more often, as evaporation and transpiration are at their max. Organic and no-till gardeners should be watering with compost teas and other supplements now.
Grow Calendar For Northern And Southern Europe This coming growing season, ganja farmers in the Netherlands and surrounding countries will rise to the challenges of cultivation in an oceanic