Check out these strains for extreme north or south climates: Hindu Kush Automatic, and Early Skunk, which is also available feminized.
Though it might sound completely desirable to grow cannabis in tropical or equatorial areas of the world, these zones also face their limitations in growing cannabis outdoors.
For those growing in cool-temperate climates, indica varieties are generally recommended. Strain suggestions include Early Girl and Guerilla’s Gusto.
Characteristics of cool-temperate climates are:
Aside from temperature and hours of daylight, the single most important environmental variable is moisture level. There can be huge differences between locations on the same latitude which are entirely the result of variations in precipitation—in the northern hemisphere, the wettest zones typically lie along the western coastline of a land mass, while in the southern hemisphere, they are usually on the east coast.
Climate is the biggest consideration when it comes to choosing an outdoor strain. People living in the far north of the northern hemisphere or the far south of the southern hemisphere (in the boreal or sub-polar climate zones) will be severely restricted in their choice of strain. The further away from the equator one is located, the shorter the growing season will be before the winter cold makes it impossible to continue.
Cannabis can grow in a remarkably wide range of environmental conditions, and naturalised populations have sprung up all over the world. Now, seed companies have developed outdoor strains that are not only able to grow and thrive in specific habitats, but that are also able to consistently produce high levels of cannabinoids.
- Short, mild summers
- Long frosty winters
- A single outdoor harvest per year
In a constant 12/12 light cycle, temperate strains will begin flowering before they have had the chance to enjoy a defined vegetative period. This means that plants may not grow to be very big or very tall. This can be mitigated with supplementary lighting during the vegetative period. However, in the absence of supplementary lighting, equatorial zones should focus on equatorial landraces and commercial hybrids that are very sativa dominant.
Because every climate is different, you have to choose your strains wisely to achieve the best harvest. Let us help you with that and check our guide!