In developing TifQuik, the sole criterion for selection of plants was fast germination. It took 4 years to achieve the desired qualities. Former ARS agronomist Roger Gates and retired geneticist Wayne Hanna performed the four selection cycles, beginning with Tifton 9. During each cycle, enough seed was planted from the previous one to obtain 1,000 seedlings that germinated within the first week. Seedlings were transplanted to clay pots in the greenhouse and then to a fumigated field to establish a nursery. Plants were allowed to cross-pollinate, seed was hand-harvested, and that seed was then used to start the final cycle, the following spring, in a greenhouse. The four cycles were completed in 2002, and the seed from 2002 was used to establish greenhouse germination tests and a replicated field test and to begin seed increase.
“TifQuik was developed to have reduced hard seed and thus faster germination and field establishment than Tifton 9,” says Anderson. “These features mean that a TifQuik-seeded pasture will be covered earlier, and grazing or hay removal can be performed sooner—with higher initial yields.”
- Reduced hard seed – providing quick establishment
- Faster Germination – 75% Faster than Tifton9 and Pensacola Bahia Grass in field trial.
- Early Spring Frost Recovery
- TifQuik seeded pastures will be covered earlier
- Grazing or hay removal can be started sooner
- Higher initial yields
- Dry matter yields were 2 times higher than Tifton9 and 4 times higher than Pensacola 2 months after planting.
Development of TifQuik Bahia Grass
Forage growers would naturally like to get the jump on weeds and extend their forage production season. So Agricultural Research Service geneticist Bill Anderson of the Crop Genetics and Breeding Research Unit in Tifton, Georgia, and his colleagues have developed a new bahiagrass (Paspalum notatum) cultivar that may help them do just that.
Features of TifQuik Bahia Grass For Pasture
TifQuik Bahia Grass Seed released by the USDA and UGA (University of Georgia), TifQuik Bahia Grass shows great promise for forage growers who wish to get a jump on weeds and extend their grazing and hay production season.
This is our top performing bahiagrass for pasture application.
The bahiagrass cultivars now grown have a considerable amount of hard seed and thus require 2-3 weeks to establish a full stand. During this time, weeds may infest the pasture, and moisture for forage seed germination may be restricted.
Planting Information For TifQuik Bahia Grass Seed
TifQuik Bahiagrass Seed – 75% Faster Germination. This is our top performing bahiagrass for pasture application… Certified and Tested For the planting season. Plant 25-30 Lbs. per Acre. TifQuik Bahia Grass Seed released by the USDA and UGA (University of Georgia), TifQuik Bahia Grass shows great promise for forage g
As a warm-season grass, Bahia operates on a different timetable than northern grasses for month-by-month lawn tasks. Seeding is best done in spring, as growth accelerates. Overseed existing thin lawns at the same time. However, the warm, moderate winters in Bahia’s limited area offer some flexibility. Fall seedings in Florida will establish fairly well. 1
Bahiagrass seed germinates slowly but establishes well, so you can enjoy all the starting a lawn from seed. Common Bahia’s naturally open growth habit makes it vulnerable to weeds when young. Part of its slow, steady growth comes through short, above-ground stems, known as stolons. The stolons root at very short intervals and eventually form dense, durable, all-purpose turf.
A naturally deep root system makes Bahiagrass very drought tolerant, even in sandy soils common to the Southeast. Its natural texture is coarser than many regional grasses, particularly cool-season grasses common in northern zones. Though Bermudagrass has greater drought tolerance in sand, few other warm-season grasses match Bahia on this strength. Bahiagrass prefers full sun, but tolerates limited shade better than Bermuda. It also has better tolerance for poorly drained soils. 2
Bahiagrass is valued for outstanding drought and heat tolerance and an ability to thrive where many lawn grasses falter. Its use in lawns occurs in a very limited region of the southeastern United States. Within this area, Bahiagrass produces a relatively durable, low-growing, low-maintenance turf. When your lawn goals, location and soil complement Bahia’s natural preferences, this resilient grass may be an excellent choice.
As winter arrives, Bahia enters an annual dormant period and turns brownish tan. However, it stays green longer than Bermudagrass and greens up earlier than Bermuda in spring. For homeowners who want green lawns regardless of the season, Bahia can be overseeded in autumn with cool-season ryegrasses for winter-long color.
Pennington Pensacola Bahiagrass builds on basic Bahiagrass strengths, and excels even in poor soil conditions to form durable, dense, drought-resistant lawns. Its deep, extensive root system enhances tolerance to heat and cold, giving Pensacola better winter hardiness and improved turf quality than common Bahia. Pennington Argentine Bahiagrass has a finer leaf texture and darker color, resulting in more attractive lawns. Its deep roots and drought and disease tolerance combine with very low growth and low maintenance needs.
Test your soil before planting Bahiagrass. This grass does well in poor, sandy soils with limited nutrients and pH near 5.5 to 6.5. 2 In soils with pH above 7.0, Bahia suffers iron deficiencies that result in pale yellow color. 1 Iron supplement products and other soil amendments may be needed to keep Bahia healthy and attractive. In these cases, another warm-season grass may be a better choice.
1. Trenholm, L.E., Unruh, J.B. and Cisar, J.L., “Bahiagrass for Florida Lawns,” University of Florida IFAS Extension.
Bahiagrass is valued for outstanding drought and heat tolerance and an ability to thrive where many lawn grasses falter.